Sources of information

The Biodiversity Toolkit was put together using research and scientific studies from a range of different organisations. We’ve referred to some of these studies throughout this website. If you’re interested in seeing more about where the information comes from please check out the below:

1 World Health Organization. (2005). Ecosystems and human well-being: health synthesis: a report of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Geneva: World Health Organization.

2 Davies, H., Doick, K., Handley, P., O’Brien, L. and Wilson, J. (2017) Delivery of ecosystem services by urban forests. Forestry Commission Research Report.

3 Johnston, M. and Percival, G. (2012) Trees, People and the Built Environment - Proceedings of the Urban Trees Research Conference, 13-14 April 2011.

4 World Health Organization (2020) Basic documents: forty-ninth edition (including amendments adopted up to 31 May 2019). Geneva: Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.

5 Richardson, M., et al., Days Wild: Development and Evaluation of a Large-Scale Nature Engagement Campaign to Improve Well-Being. PLoS one, 11(2): p.e0149777.

6 Wolch, J., et al. (2011) Childhood obesity and proximity to urban parks and recreational resources: a longitudinal cohort study. Health & place, 17(1): p.207-214.

7 Li, Q., (2010) Effect of forest bathing trips on human immune function. Environmental health and preventive medicine, 15(1): p.9-17.

8 Faber Taylor, A. and F.E. Kuo, (2009) Children with attention deficits concentrate better after walk in the park. Journal of attention disorders. 12(5): p.402-409.


9 White, M.P., et al., (2019) Spending at least 120 minutes a week in nature is associated with good health and well-being. Scientific reports, 9(1): p.1-11.


10 Fuller, R.A., Irvine, K.N., Devine-Wright, P., Warren,P.H. and Gaston, K.J., (2007) Psychological benefits of green space increase with biodiversity. Biology letters, 3(4), pp.390-394.


11 Taylor, L. and D. F. Hochuli (2015). Creating better cities: how biodiversity and ecosystem functioning

enhance urban residents’ well-being. Urban ecosystems, 18(3): 747-762.